The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States, and leads the federal judiciary. The judges of the supreme court includes the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices, that are appointed by the President and confirmed with the “advice and consent” of the Senate. Below are discussed some of the most controversial Supreme Court decisions.
- Gregg v. Georgia (1976): This ruling affirmed the United States Supreme Court’s acceptance on the employment and use of the death penalty in the United States, keeping in view death sentence pronounced on Troy Leon Gregg. The Supreme Court there also referred with perspective of judgment in this case the Eighth Amendment bar on “cruel and unusual punishments.”
- Griswold v. Connecticut (1965): This was a landmark case; by the Supreme Court of the United States that constitution should protect a right to privacy. This ruling came with perspective of Connecticut law that prohibited the use of contraceptives. Supreme Court stated this law to violator of “right to marital privacy”.
- Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857): This rule known as The Dred Scott Decision by the supreme court of USA told people of African descent imported into the United States and held as slaves or their descendants whether they are slaves or not cannot be citizens of the United States. Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories. The Court also ruled that as slaves not being as citizens cannot be sued in court.
- Brown v. Board of Education (1954): This was the another landmark decision of the US Supreme Court, where, United States Supreme court declared that laws for having separate public schools for students to be unconstitutional. This decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which permitted segregation. This rule open way for integration and the civil rights movement.
- Roe v. Wade (1973): This was a revolutionary decision taken by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. The court ruled out that a woman’s right to abortion is to be decided by stage of pregnancy and the state cannot ban abortion before viability. The court ruled out that “viability” means “potentially able to live outside the mother’s womb, albeit with artificial aid. Viability is generally is kept at about seven months (28 weeks) but do also happen even at 24 weeks.”